Long-Term Liabilities by Regina Laurens, Yuliana Tampang :: SSRN

The debit balance in the Discount on Bonds Payable account will gradually decrease as it is amortized to Interest Expense over their life. Emilie is a Certified Accountant and Banker with Master’s in Business and 15 years of experience in finance and accounting from corporates, financial services firms – and fast growing start-ups. The initial accounting and measurement of bonds is undertaken in the following way. The purpose of this study is to test about a long-term liabilities that are expected to be paid after a year or more using the result of other long-term liabilities structures.

The corporation will still pay bondholders the $100,000 face amount at the end of the five-year term. Compare the contract rate with the market rate since this will impact the selling price of the bond when it is issued. Issuing bonds – A journal entry is recorded when a corporation issues bonds. Here is a comparison of the 10 interest payments if a company’s contract rate equals the market rate. 2The entry shown here can also be recorded in a slightly different manner. As an alternative, the liability is recorded at its face value of $20,000 with a separate discount of $2,200 also included.

Bonds Issued at a Premium Example: Carr

The premium or discount on bonds payable is the difference between the amount received by the corporation issuing the bonds and the par value or face amount of the bonds. If the amount received is greater than the par value, the difference is known as the premium on bonds payable. If the amount received is less than the par value, the difference is known as the discount on bonds payable. 3If a discount is recorded in the initial entry as is shown in the previous footnote, the credit here is to the Discount account and not directly to the bond payable.

  • The semiannual interest paid to bondholders on Dec. 31 is $450 ($10,000 maturity amount of bond × 9% coupon interest rate × 6/ 12 for semiannual payment).
  • For example, if a company issues a bond with a face value of $1,000 for $950, it would record a “Discount on Bonds Payable” of $50.
  • Bonds represent an obligation to repay a principal amount at a future date and pay interest, usually on a semi‐annual basis.
  • All such information is provided solely for convenience purposes only and all users thereof should be guided accordingly.

When applying the straight-line method, this actual rate is not shown for either year. Furthermore, the reported interest rate appears to float (6.2 percent to 5.8 percent) as if a different rate was negotiated for each year. That did not happen; there was a single 6 percent interest rate agreed-upon by the debtor and the creditor. Depending on how far in the future the maturity date is from the present date, bonds payable are often segmented into “Bonds payable, current portion” and “Bonds payable, non-current portion”.


This example illustrates how a company records a bond issuance at a discount and how the Discount on Bonds Payable is treated over the life of the bond. Ü Describe the entries for the issuance of bonds
issued at a discount. ¨ A corporation records bond transactions when it
issues or buys back bonds, and when bondholders convert bonds into common
stock. A discussion of accounting for long-term installment notes payable is
presented in Appendix 10C at the end of the chapter. While the concepts discussed herein are intended to help business owners understand general accounting concepts, always speak with a CPA regarding your particular financial situation.

  • After the payment is recorded, the carrying value of the bonds payable on the balance sheet increases to $9,408 because the discount has decreased to $592 ($623–$31).
  • In the next section, you’ll see an example of the calculation using the straight-line amortization method.
  • The deals are designed to appeal to different types of people with different buying preferences.
  • The discount of $7,024 represents the present value of the $1,000 difference that the bondholders are not receiving over each of the next 10 interest periods (5 years’ interest paid semi-annually).
  • At every coupon payment, interest expense will be incurred on the bond.
  • That is similar to paying more than carrying amount to redeem a bond, and that is a loss.

These lenders, also known as investors, may sell their bonds to another investor prior to their maturity. The investors paid only $900,000 for these bonds in order to earn a higher effective interest rate. Company A recorded the bond sale in its accounting records by increasing Cash in Bank (debit asset), Bonds Payable (credit liability) and the Discount on Bonds Payable (debit contra-liability).


Others are attracted by paying less up front and being paid back the full face amount at maturity and are willing to live with the lower semi-annual interest payments. Both deals are equal in value but are structured to appeal to different markets. The issue price is the amount of cash collected from bondholders when the bond is sold. Cash is debited for the amount received from bondholders; the liability (debt) from bonds increases for the face amount. Thus, this bond is sold to the investor at “89” ($17,800/$20,000), which indicates that the price is 89 percent of the face value.

Is discount on bonds payable a liability or asset?

Discount on Bonds Payable is a contra liability account that is debited for the purpose of offsetting a credit on a liability account Bonds Payable and reporting the net book value, or carrying value, of an entity's outstanding bonds.

There are four journal entries that relate to bonds that are issued at a discount. If a manufacturer offers both zero-percent interest and a rebate, the car buyer can choose one or the other—but not both. Because some people will be attracted to buy because of lower payments over time and others will be interested due to the lower up- front purchase price. The deals are designed to appeal to different types of people with different buying preferences. A bond’s contract rate of interest may be equal to, less than, or more than the going market rate.

Accounting for Other Current Liabilities

In other words, investors would demand a discount on the purchase price to compensate for the lower interest payments they would receive. The premium on bonds payable is a contra account that increases its value and is added to bonds payable in the long‐term liability section of the balance sheet. Thus, Schultz will repay $47,722 ($140,000 – $92,278) more than was borrowed. Spreading the $47,722 over 10 six-month periods produces periodic interest expense of $4,772.20 (not to be confused with the periodic cash payment of $4,000). One simple way to understand bonds issued at a premium is to view the accounting relative to counting money!

discount on bonds payable balance sheet

Lighting Process, Inc. issues $10,000 ten‐year bonds, with a coupon interest rate of 9% and semiannual interest payments payable on June 30 and Dec. 31, issued on July 1 when the market interest rate is 10%. Discount on bonds payable is a contra account to bonds payable that decreases the value of the bonds and is subtracted from the bonds payable in the long‐term liability section of the balance sheet. Initially it is the difference between the cash received and the maturity value of the bond.

¨ Debts that do not meet both of the
aforementioned criteria are classified as long-term
liabilities. Since the company now OWES this money to the Investors, they have created a LIABILITY on their books. You have the company, which is now the BOND ISSUER and has borrowed the money. Individuals are willing to lend the https://simple-accounting.org/ money NOW because they will have the right to earn INTEREST on the money they have given for years into the future. Study the following illustration, and observe that the Premium on Bonds Payable is established at $8,530, then reduced by $853 every interest date, bringing the final balance to zero at maturity.

discount on bonds payable balance sheet

¨ Procedures
for amortizing bond premium are discussed in Appendix 10A and Appendix 10B at
the end of this chapter. ¨ Long-term liabilities are obligations
that are expected to be paid after one year. ¨ Current
maturities of long-term debt – The current portion of a long-term debt
should be included in Current Liabilities. ¨ Payroll
and payroll taxes payable – Every employer incurs liabilities relating to
employees’ salaries and wages. V     
Identify the requirements for the financial
statement presentation and analysis of liabilities. If the Coupon Rate on the New Bond is 6% and prevailing Market Rates are approx 4% – Potential Buyers of the Bond would be willing to pay more for this bond and it is gonna sell at a Premium.

Another way to illustrate this problem is to note that total borrowing cost is reduced by the $8,530 premium, since less is to be repaid at maturity than was borrowed up front. A basic rule of thumb suggests that investors should look to buy premium bonds when rates are low https://simple-accounting.org/where-is-the-premium-or-discount-on-bonds-payable/ and discount bonds when rates are high. Because premium bonds typically provide higher coupon payments, the biggest risk is that they could be called before the stated maturity date. The bonds are issued when the prevailing market interest rate for such investments is 14%.

They may also be redeemed during a calendar year rather than on December 31. This same journal entry for $6,000 is made every six months, on 6/30 and 12/31, for a total of 10 times over the term of the five-year bond. In reality, the parties established an annual rate of 6 percent for the entire two-year period.