How to calculate break even point for multiple products

break even analysis for multiple products

As an example, suppose a business with operating expenses (fixed overhead) of 4,500, has only one product which has a unit selling price of 10.00, and a unit cost price of 4.00. Once the break-even number of units is determined, the company then knows what sales target it needs to set in order to generate profit and reach the company’s financial goals. In cases where the production line falters, or a part of the assembly line breaks down, the break-even point increases since the target number of units is not produced within the desired time frame. Equipment failures also mean higher operational costs and, therefore, a higher break-even. The break-even analysis is important to business owners and managers in determining how many units (or revenues) are needed to cover fixed and variable expenses of the business.

It should be noted that as the business can’t sell a part of a product, the number of units is always rounded up. The company must produce and sell 800 units of Product A, 1,600 units of Product B, and 4,000 units of Product C in order to break-even. The weighted average CM may also be computed by dividing the total CM by the total number of units. If you want to solve for the price required to reach a targeted net income before taxes (NIBT), then substitute (TFC + NIBT) for TFC in the above equation. If you want to solve for the number of units required to reach a targeted Net Income Before Taxes (NIBT), then substitute (TFC+NIBT) for TFC in the above equation.

Why is the Contribution Margin Important in Break-Even Analysis?

Another limitation is that Break-even analysis makes some oversimplified assumptions about the relationships between costs, revenue, and production levels. For example, it assumes that there is a linear relationship between costs and production. Also, break-even analysis ignores external factors such as competition, market demand, and changing consumer preferences, which can have a significant impact on a businesses’ top line. The necessary contribution to earn the target profit is the target profit plus the fixed costs. The activity level required to achieve the necessary contribution may be found using contribution per unit, contribution per batch or the CS ratio.

In addition, our financial projections show that our unit sales mix is 90% / 10%, meaning that 90% of our unit sales will be product A, and 10% will be product B. A sales mix is a set of proportions of each product in total sales if a business sells multiple products. Furthermore, these products are not equally profitable for a business, so a contribution margin approach is usually used in break-even analysis with a sales mix or multiple products.


Long story short, there are 3 steps to calculate the multi-product break-even point.

You may also want to calculate how long it will take you to break even, which is officially called the payback period. In stock and option trading, break-even analysis is important in determining the minimum price movements required to cover trading costs and make a profit. Traders can use break-even analysis to set realistic profit targets, manage risk, and make informed trading decisions. It is an essential tool for investors and financial analysts in determining the financial performance of companies and making informed decisions about investments. By understanding the break-even point, investors can make profitable investment decisions and manage risks effectively. Overall, break-even analysis is a critical tool in the financial world for businesses, stock and option traders, investors, financial analysts and even government agencies.

Establishing a target profit for multiple products

As the third step, we should calculate the break-even point for each product. If we know we need $125,000 in sales to break even but the sales mix is different from what we budgeted, the numbers will appear quite different (as you should have noticed in the video). If the sales mix is different from our estimate, the break even point will not be the same.

break even analysis for multiple products

Using the calculator above, plug in your numbers and see how many units (ie. products) you have to sell in a typical month to cover your costs. The calculator will also tell you the total revenue you will need to bring in to cover your fixed costs PLUS the costs of delivering your product or service. Therefore, given the fixed costs, variable costs, and selling price of the water bottles, Company A would need to sell 10,000 units of water bottles to break even. You may want to solve for the total dollar sales to break even, what price you’ll have to charge to break even.

Break-even analysis example

Companies can maximize their profits if they are able to achieve a sales mix that is heavy with high-margin products, goods, or services. If a company focuses on a sales mix heavy with low-margin items, overall company profitability will often suffer. A sales mix represents the relative proportions of the products that a company sells—in other words, the percentage of the company’s total revenue that comes from product A, product B, product C, and so forth. The concept of break-even analysis is concerned with the contribution margin of a product.

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West Brothers can use this CVP analysis for a wide range of business decisions and for planning purposes. For planning purposes, West Brothers can change the sales mix, sales price, or variable cost of one or more of the products in the composite unit and perform a “what-if” analysis. A startup business will utilize a Break Even Analysis to calculate whether or not it would be financially viable to produce and sell a new product or pursue a new venture.